The city of Dnipro (former Dnipropetrovsk) or Dnepr (Rus.) is situated on the Dnieper River (Dnepr or Dnipro) in East-Central Ukraine and has a population of 1 million (third city in the country by population).
Large and beautiful, it is the main city of East-Central Ukraine.
Dnipropetrovsk is one of the largest industrial, economic and transport centers, the center of metallurgy and the space capital of Ukraine. Ferrous metallurgy, metalworking, mechanical engineering, and other heavy industries are especially developed.
The original name is Yekaterinoslav, in honor of St. Catherine, the heavenly patroness of Empress Catherine II, at the suggestion of Grigori Potemkin. The city was called so in 1776-1796 and 1802-1926. In written sources, the name “Yekaterinoslav” was first mentioned on April 23, 1776, in the report of Azov Governor Vasily Chertkov to G. A. Potemkin, where there is such a phrase: subject plan, profiles, facades and estimates. ” The city was on the left bank of the Dnieper until 1784. Then the construction was officially moved to the right bank. The decree of Catherine II dated January 22, 1784, says: “To the provincial city called Yekaterinoslav be at the convenience of convenience on the right side of the Dnieper River at Kaydak …” (meaning New Kodak).
In 1796-1802 the city was called Novorossiysk. The renaming took place within the framework of the aspiration of Emperor Paul I to destroy all sorts of reminders about the activities of his mother, Empress Catherine II. After the death of Paul I, Emperor Alexander I returned to the city in 1802 its former name.
In 1926 the city was renamed to Dnepropetrovsk. The name is formed from the name of the Dnieper River, on which the city stands, and the surnames of the Soviet party and state leader (G. I. Petrovsky), who began his career here.
On May 19, 2016, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, within the framework of the de-communization process, officially renamed the city of Dnipropetrovsk to Dnipro (Ukrainian. Dnipropetrovsk to Ukrainian. Dnipro) after the name of the river, and on June 3, the renaming took effect.
In general, the climate of the city is typical for the climate of the steppe south of Ukraine and is a dry steppe BSk. The average annual air temperature is +10.6 ° C, the lowest – in January: -2.7 ° C, the highest – in July: +23.7 ° C. An average of 260 sunny days per year.
Dnieper is one of the largest industrial, economic and transport centers, the center of the metallurgy of Ukraine. Especially developed ferrous metallurgy (metallurgical plants EVRAZ DMZ (formerly. Petrovsky), Dnepropetrovsk Pipe Plant, Kominmet, Interpipe), metalworking and mechanical engineering (Dnipro – the center of rocket production of Ukraine – UMZ software).
The central market of the Dnieper – Ozerka, located on Schmidt street. Until the 1880s, there was a lake at this place. On April 16, 1885, the Yekaterinoslav City Council allowed several burghers to build wooden butcher’s shops on Ozernaya Square. Over time, the waters of the “lake” were diverted to the territory of the city garden, expanding the reservoir that was already there. On the resulting area, the stalls of the city bazaar, called Ozerny, grew.
The food industry is known for such brands as Oleina, Bon Boisson, Millennium chocolate, Rainford dairy factory, Pridneprovsky dairy factory.
Intracity transport is represented by trolleybus, bus and tram lines, as well as an extensive network of fixed-route taxis.
In the future, the total length of the first line will be 11.8 km with 9 stations. The development of the metro provides for the construction in the future up to 80 km of tracks with three lines.
On city routes, on average, it works daily (2013):
- 213 trams;
- 158 trolley buses;
- 4 subway trains (3 cars each);
- 128 buses of large and medium capacity;
- 2255 minibusses;
- 1200 passenger taxis.
Education and science
Education in the Dnieper is carried out in 163 educational institutions. In 2010, 80,000 schoolchildren enrolled in them, including almost 9,000 in the 1st grade. 173 kindergartens, 39 out-of-school institutions, 6 orphanages were opened. In the preschool institutions 30 thousand children are enrolled.
City Day has been celebrated since the 1970s. In 2001, the Charter of the city was adopted, which approved the official date of the Day of the City of Dnepropetrovsk – the second Sunday of September. On this day, festive events take place throughout the city and traditionally end on the waterfront with festive fireworks.
- Dnipropetrovsk Historical Museum named after academician D.I. Yavornytsky – one of the largest museums in Ukraine;
- Art Museum
- Diorama “Battle of the Dnieper”
- House Museum of E.P. Blavatsky
- Museum “Literary Dnieper”
- Memorial House-Museum of Academician D.I. Yavornitsky
Theaters and concert organizations
- Dnipro Academic Ukrainian Music and Drama Theater named after T. Shevchenko
- Dnipro Academic Drama and Comedy Theater
- Dnipropetrovsk Academic Opera and Ballet Theater
- Dnieper municipal youth theater “Believe!”
- Dnipropetrovsk Academic Regional Ukrainian Youth Theater
- Dnieper City Puppet Theater
- Youth avant-garde theater Rui
- House of Organ and Chamber Music
The first stadium “Dnipro” was the stadium “Steel”, built in 1939. In 1966, the Meteor Stadium was opened. A new stadium “Dnepr-Arena” was built on the site of the former stadium “Metallurg” (earlier – “Steel”) in 2008. In addition, the city has stadiums “Dnepropress”, “Lokomotiv”, “Assembler”, “Slavutych”, “Labor Reserves” and others, as well as the large sports complex “Meteor”, numerous swimming pools and several year-round ice rinks. In winter, the Avalanche ski resort operates in Tunnel girder.
The city once hosted the final of the Ukrainian Football Cup 2009, in which Poltava “Vorskla” beat Donetsk “Shakhtar” with a score of 1: 0. On May 9, 2018, at the Dnepr-Arena stadium, the Cup final was held for the second time, in which Donetsk “Shakhtar” beat Dynamo Kyiv with a score of 0: 2.
The Dnipro basketball club is the champion of the Ukrainian Super League in the season 2015/2016 (an alternative tournament not held under the auspices of the Ukrainian Basketball Federation and without official status), two-time Super League Cup winner, two-time Ukrainian Cup winner.
The water polo club “DNU-Dnepr” performs in the Ukrainian Championship among men. The name of the club was given by the University named after Oles Gonchar, whose pool is a sports base for the club. In 2012, the club received professional status.
The Dnepr Rugby Club performs in the Premier League, also known as the Dnepropetrovsk Rocket IC.